Emphysema A lung disease characterized by shortness of breath and a chronic cough.Interscapular pain may also be referred from disc prolapse or spinal dysfunction affecting the cervical or lumbar spine.The thoracic spine is one of the four major regions of the spine.

Purpose, thoracic surgery repairs diseased or injured organs and tissues in the thoracic cavity.The muscles are cut, and the ribs are spread with a retractor.Severe or progressive neurological deficit in the lower extremities.

Pain that is: Constant, severe and progressive.Other specific complications may occur, depending on the procedure performed.Because vats requires the collapse of one lung, potential patients should have adequate respiratory function to maintain oxygenation during the procedure.